Curriculum Vitae












  High Schools, Race, and America's Future: What Students Can Teach Us About Morality, Diversity, and Community
Authored by Lawrence Blum

Blum provides an account of a rigorous high school course on race and racism that he taught to a racially, ethnicly, and economically diverse class, chronicling the students’ engagement with one another, with the challenging material, and with the intellectual underpinnings of their own racialized experiences. Blum reflects as a moral philosopher and race scholar on his pedagogy and his role as a white teacher teaching mostly students of color.

Available for Purchase at:
Harvard Education Press
| Amazon | Barnes & Noble

  • Paperback: 249 pages
  • Publisher: Harvard Education Press (September 2012)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 1612504655
  • ISBN-13: 978-1612504650


  "I'm Not a Racist, But...": The Moral Quandary of Race
Authored by Lawrence Blum

Media, politicians, and individuals use the term "racism" casually and inaccurately, thereby stripping the concept of its meaning, argues Lawrence Blum in "'I'm Not a Racist, But...': The Moral Quandary of Race". Not all interracial difficulties involve racism, he contends, but society does not use the vocabulary to discuss racial overtones with greater subtlety. Thus people and institutions fearful of being called racist feel defensive when racial issues are raised, perpetuating the status quo of race relations. Blum asserts that only "certain especially serious moral failings and violations" merit the designation "racism." Discussing various scholarly perspectives on the construction of racial categories, Blum calls for a balance between "ridding ourselves of the myth of race" and understanding the role of race in social inequality and in history.

I’m Not a Racist, But…" was awarded the North American Society for Social Philosophy’s "Best Social Philosophy Book of the Year."

Available for Purchase at:
Cornell University Press
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  • Paperback: 272 pages
  • Publisher: Cornell University Press (October 2002)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 080148815X
  • ISBN-13: 978-0801488153


  Moral Perception and Particularity
Authored by Lawrence Blum

Most contemporary moral philosophy is concerned with issues of rationality, universality, impartiality, and principle. By contrast Lawrence Blum is concerned with the psychology of moral agency. The essays in this collection examine the moral import of emotion, motivation, judgment, perception, and group identifications, and explore how all these psychic capacities contribute to a morally good life.

Available for Purchase at:
Cambridge University Press
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  • Paperback: 288 pages
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press (January 1994)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 0521436192
  • ISBN-13: 978-0521436199



Truer Liberty: Simone Weil and Marxism
Co-authored by Lawrence Blum and V. J. Seidler
(reissued in “Routledge Revivals,” 2010)

Simone Weil - philosopher, trade union militant, factory worker - developed a penetrating critique of Marxism and a powerful political philosophy which serves as an alternative both to liberalism and Marxism. In A Truer Liberty , Blum and Seidler show how Simone Weil's philosophy differed from Marxism: she sought to put political action on a firmly moral basis. Weil criticized Marxism for its confidence in progress and revolution and its attendant illusory belief that history is on the side of the proletariat. The authors relate Weil's work to influential trends in political philosophy today, from the 'analytic' Marxism of Gerald Cohen and others to the liberal tradition of Anglo-American political philosophy represented by Rawls, Dworkin, and others.

Available for Purchase at:
Amazon | Barnes & Noble

  • Paperback: 346 pages
  • Publisher: Routledge (April 12, 1990)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 0415901952
  • ISBN-13: 978-0415901956


  Friendship, Altruism and Morality
Authored by Lawrence Blum
(reissued in “Routledge Revivals,” 2010)


Available for Purchase at:
Amazon | Barnes & Noble

  • Paperback: 256 pages
  • Publisher: Routledge (November 1982)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 0710093322
  • ISBN-13: 978-0710093325

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"Human Morality, Naturalism, and Accommodation: Reflections on David Wong’s Natural Moralities," in Yang Xiao and Yong Huang (ed.), Moral Relativism and Chinese Philosophy: David Wong and His Critics (Albany: SUNY Press, 2014): 33-47

"False Symmetries in Far From Heaven and Elsewhere," in Susan Wolf and Christopher Grau (eds.), Understanding Love Through Philosophy, Film, and Fiction (Oxford University Press, 2014): 37-59

"Racial and Other Asymmetries: A Problem for the Protected Categories Framework for Antidiscrimination Thought," in Philosophical Foundations of Discrimination Law, edited by Sophia Moreau and Deborah Hellman, (Oxford University Press, 2013): 182-199

"Political Identity and Moral Education: A Response to Jonathan Haidt’s The Righteous Mind," Journal of Moral Education, 42:3, 298-315 (2013)

"Benevolence," International Encyclopedia of Ethics (ed. Hugh LaFollette) (Wiley-Blackwell,
on-line)(13 pp)

"Five Things High School Students Should Know About Race," Harvard Education Letter,
Nov/Dec 2012 (2 pp) [one of 10 most viewed articles of 2012 in HEL]

"Moral Asymmetry: A Problem for the Protected Categories Approach," Lewis and Clark Law
, vol 16:2, summer 2012: 101-109

"Solidarity, Equality, and Diversity as Educational Values in Western Multi-ethnic Societies," Eva
Johansson and Donna Berthelsen (eds.), Johansson, E., & Berthelsen D. (2012) (Eds.). Spaces for Solidarity and Individualism in Educational Contexts. Göteborg Studies in Educational Sciences, no 318. (Göteborg: Acta Universitatis Gotoburgensis, 2012): 33-48

"Caring and Moral Philosophy," for Robert Lake (ed.), Dear Nel: Opening the Circles of Care
(Letters to Nel Noddings) Teachers College Press, 2012): 66-69

"Visual Metaphors in Iris Murdoch’s Moral Philosophy," in Justin Broackes (ed.), Iris Murdoch,
(Oxford University Press, 2012): 303-319

"Empathy and Empirical Psychology: A Critique of Shaun Nichols," in Morality and the
Emotions (ed. Carla Bagnoli) (Oxford University Press, 2011): 170-193

"Antiracist Moral Identities, or Iris Murdoch in South Africa," South African Journal of
30(4), 2011: 440-451

"'B5—it got all the dinks': Schools and Education on The Wire," darkmatter: in the ruins of imperial culture ([4]: Special Issue: The Wire Files), April 29, 2011: A65

"A Crash Course in Personal Racism," Ward Jones and Samantha Vice (eds.), Ethics at the Cinema (Oxford University Press, 2011)  A64

"Racialized Groups: The Socio-Historical Consensus,"Monist, issue on Race, 93(2): 298-320 (April 2010)  A63

"Secularism, Multiculturalism, and Same Sex Marriage: A Commenton Brenda Almond,"Journal of Moral Education, 39(2): 145-160 (June 2010)  A62

"Multiculturalism and Moral Education," in Elizabeth Kiss and J. Peter Euben (eds.), Debating Moral Education: Rethinking the Role of the Modern University (Duke University Press, 2010): 140-160  A61

"Latinos on Race and Ethnicity: Alcoff, Corlett, and Gracia," for Blackwell Companion to Latin American Philosophy, ed. S. Nuccetelli, O. Schutte, O. Bueno) (Wiley-Blackwell, 2009): 269-282  A60

"Confusions about 'Culture' in Explaining the Racial Achievement Gap, in John Arthur's Race, Equality, and the Burdens of History," APA Newsletter on Philosophy and Law, 9(1): 1-5 (Fall 2009)  A59

"Prejudice," for Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Education, ed. Harvey Siegel (Oxford University Press, 2009)   A58

"'White Privilege': A Mild Critique," Theory and Research in Education 6(3): 309-322 (November 2008)   A57

"A High School Class on Race and Racism," in J. Entin, R. Rosen, and L. Vogt (eds.), Controversies in the Classroom: A Radical Teacher Reader (New York: Teachers College Press, 2008): 83-96 [originally published in Radical Teacher 70: 4-10 (September 2004)]   A56

"Racial Incidents as Teachable Moments," for Mica Pollock (ed.), Everyday Antiracism (New Press, 2008)  A55

"Ethnicity, Disunity, and Equality," in Laurence Thomas (ed.), Contemporary Debates in Social Philosophy (Blackwell's, 2008): 193-211  A54

"Race, National Ideals, and Civic Virtue," Social Theory and Practice 33(4): 533-556 (October 2007)  A53

"Three Types of Race-Related Solidarity," Journal of Social Philosophy XXXVIII(1): 53-72 (Spring 2007: Special issue on Solidarity)  A52

"Racial Virtues" in R. Walker and P.J. Ivanhoe (eds.), Working Virtue (Clarendon Press: Oxford, 2007)  A51

"Best Traditions Patriotism: A Comment on Ben-Porath, Miller, and Wingo," Theory and Research in Education 5(1): 61-68 (March 2007)  A50

"Race, Virtue, and Moral Education," (from plenary session), Yearbook of the Philosophy of Education Society for 2004 (Chris Higgins, editor) [published March, 2005]: 51-59  A49

"Stereotypes and Stereotyping: A Moral Analysis," Philosophical Papers (ed. Ward Jones) 33(3): 251-289 (November 2004)  A48

"Reply to Byrne and Silliman re ‘I'm Not a Racist, But…'," Social Philosophy Today (yearbook of North American Society for Social Philosophy) vol. 19 for 2002 [published in 2004]  A47

"The Poles, the Jews, and the Holocaust: Reflections on an AME Trip to Auschwitz," Journal of Moral Education 33(2): 131-148 (June 2004)  A46

"Systemic and Individual Racism, Racialization, and Antiracist Education: A Reply to Garcia, Silliman, and Levinson," Theory and Research in Education 2(1): 49-74 (2004)  A45

"What Do Accounts of ‘Racism' Do?", Michael Levine and Thomas Pataki (eds.), Racism in Mind (Ithaca: Cornell UP, 2004): 56-77  A44

"Global Inequalities and Race," Philosophical Topics (Chad Flanders and Martha Nussbaum (eds.) 30(2): 291-324 (Fall 2002 [actually published in March 2004])  A43

"Personal Relationships," in Blackwell's Companion to Applied Ethics (ed. Christopher Heath Wellman and R. G. Frey) (Oxford: Blackwell's, 2003): 512-524  A42

"The Holocaust in American Life as a Moral Text," in Eve Garrard and Geoffrey Scarre (eds.), Moral Philosophy and the Holocaust (Aldershot, UK: Ashgate, 2003): 257-274  A41

"Racism: What It Is and What It Isn't," Studies in Philosophy and Education 21(3): 203-218 (May 2002)
-----reprinted in M. Katz, S. Verducci, G. Biesta (eds.), Democracy, Education, and the Moral Life (Springer, 2008) [essays from Villemain Lecture Series]  A40

"The Promise of Racial Integration in a Multicultural Age," in S. Macedo and Y. Tamir (eds.), Moral and Political Education: NOMOS XLIII (NYU 2002): 383-424
-----(large portion reprinted) in Randall Curren (ed.), Philosophy of Education: An Anthology  (Blackwell, 2007)  A39

"Recognition and Multiculturalism in Education," Journal of Philosophy of Education 35(4): 539-559 (November 2001)  A38

Review-essay of Walter Feinberg, Common Schools/Uncommon Identities: National Unity and Cultural Difference (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1998), Teachers College Record 103(1): 99-111 (February 2001)  A37

"Against Deriving Particularity," Margaret Little and Brad Hooker (eds.), Moral Particularism, Oxford University Press, 2000  A36

"Value Underpinnings of Antiracist and Multicultural Education," in Mal Leicester, Sohan Modgil, and Celia Modgil (eds.), Education, Culture, and Values (Systems of Education: Theories, Policies, and Implicit Values) (London: Falmer Press, 2000), 3-14  A35

"Universal Values and Particular Identities in Anti-Racist Education," Philosophy of Education (1999 year book of the Philosophy of Education Society) (Urbana: Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign): 70-77  A34

"Social Justice Within and Against Multiculturalism," Transformations: A Resource for Curriculum Transformation and Scholarship 10(2): 52-59 (Fall 1999)  A33

"Race, Community, and Moral Education: Kohlberg and Spielberg as Moral Educators," Journal of Moral Education 28(2): 125-143 (1999)  A32

Essay review of Beverly Daniel Tatum, Why Are All the Black Students Sitting Together in the Cafeteria?; Louise Derman-Sparks and Carol Phillips, Teaching/Learning Anti-Racism; Benjamin DeMott, The Trouble With Friendship; Harlon Dalton, Racial Healing; Nathan Glazer, We Are All Multiculturalists Now; Dinesh D'Souza, The End of Racism. For Teachers College Record 100(4): 860-880 (June 1999)  A31

"Ethnicity, Identity, and Community," in Michael Katz, Nel Noddings, and Kenneth Strike (eds.), Justice and Caring: The Search for Common Ground in Education, Teachers College Press (1999)  A30

"Moral Asymmetries in Racism," in S. Babbitt and S. Campbell, Racism and Philosophy, (Ithaca, NY: Cornell Univ. Press, 1999)  A29

"Can We Talk? Interracial Dialogue in the University Classroom," Change: The Magazine of Higher Learning: 26-37 (Nov/Dec 1998)  A28

"'Racial Integration' Revisited," in Joram Graf Haber and Mark Halfon (eds.), Norms and Values: Essays In Honor of Virginia Held, Rowman and Littlefield, 1998  A27

"Recognition, Value, and Equality: A Critique of Charles Taylor's and Nancy Fraser's Accounts of Multiculturalism," in Cynthia Willett (ed.), Theorizing Multiculturalism: A Guide to the Current Debate, Blackwell's, 1998: 73-99
"-----," (shorter version) in Constellations: An International Journal of Critical and Democratic Theory 5(1) (March 1998)  A26

"Schindler's Motives", Psychoculture: Review of Psychology and Cultural Studies 1(2) (Spring 1997)  A25

"Altruism and Benevolence," Encyclopedic Dictionary of Business Ethics (Patricia Werhane and R. Edward Freeman, eds.), Blackwell, 1997  A24

"Multicultural Education as Values Education," Harvard Project on Schooling and Children (as of 1999: Harvard Children's Initiative), Working Paper, 1997  A23

"Race, Racism, and Pan-African Identity: Thoughts on K. Anthony Appiah's In My Father's House," for New Political Science, double issue 38/39: 183-202 (Winter 1997)  A22

"Community," in J. J. Chambliss (ed.), Philosophy of Education: An Encyclopedia, Garland Publishing, 1996   A21

"Altruism and Egoism," Dictionnaire de philosophie morale, (Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 1996)  A20

"Community and Virtue," in Roger Crisp (ed.), How Should One Live? (Oxford University Press, 1996)  A19

"Antiracist Civic Education and the California History-Social Science Framework," in R. Fullinwider (ed.), Public Education in a Multicultural Society: Policy, Theory, Critique, (Cambridge University Press, 1996)  A18

"The Holocaust and Moral Education," Report from the Institute for Philosophy and Public Policy (School of Public Affairs, Univ. of Maryland), Spring/Summer 1995
-----reprinted in Verna Gerhing (ed.), Philosophical Dimensions of Public Policy (Policy Studies Review Annual, volume 13) (New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers, 2002)  A17

"Multiculturalism, Racial Justice, and Community: Reflections on Charles Taylor's 'The Politics of Recognition'," in L. Foster and P. Herzog (eds.), Defending Diversity: Contemporary Philosophical Perspectives on Pluralism and Multiculturalism, Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1994    A16

"Altruism and the Moral Value of Rescue: Resisting Persecution, Racism, and Genocide," in L. Baron, L. Blum, D. Krebs, P. Oliner, S. Oliner, and M.Z. Smolenska, Embracing the Other: Philosophical, Psychological, and Historical Perspectives on Altruism, New York: NYU Press, 1992   A15

Articles on "Altruism," "Morality of Care," "Personal Relations," and "Simone Weil," in Encyclopedia of Ethics, ed. by Lawrence and Charlotte Becker, New York: Garland Publishing Co., 1992  A14

"Antiracism, Multiculturalism, and Interracial Community: Three Educational Values for a Multicultural Society," Office of Graduate Studies and Research, Univ. of Mass., Boston, 1992
-----reprinted in Equinox: Writing for a New Culture 1(1): 20-45 (Fall 1992)
-----(portion) reprinted in Instructor's manual for Larry May and Shari Collins Sharratt, Applied Ethics: A Multicultural ApproachNew York: Prentice-Hall, 1993, 2001
-----reprinted in Rita Manning and Rene Trujillo (eds.), Social Justice in a Diverse Society, Mountain View, CA: Mayfield Pub. Co., 1996
-----reprinted in Gary Kessler (ed.), Voices of Wisdom: A Multicultural Philosophy Reader (Belmont, CA: Wadsworth/Thompson Learning, 2000)
-----reprinted in Lisa Heldke and Peg O'Connor (ed.), Oppression, Privilege, and Resistance: Theoretical Perspectives on Racism, Sexism, and Heterosexism (McGraw-Hill, 2004)  A13

"Moral Perception and Particularity," Ethics 101: 701-725 (July 1991)  A12

"Philosophy and the Values of a Multicultural Community," Teaching Philosophy 14(2): 127-134 (June 1991)
-----reprinted (in Polish) in Edukacja Filozoficna, 1993
-----reprinted in Lawrence Hinman (ed.), Contemporary Moral Issues: Diversity and Consensus, 1996
-----reprinted in Barbara MacKinnon (ed.), Ethics: Theory and Contemporary Issues, 2nd edition, (Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Publishing, 1998)  A11

"Vocation, Friendship, and Community: Limitations of the Personal-Impersonal Framework," in O. Flanagan and A. Rorty (eds.), Identity, Character, and Morality: Essays in Moral Psychology, Cambridge: MIT Press, 1990  A10

"Universality and Particularity," in D. Schrader (ed.), The Legacy of Lawrence Kohlberg, (New directions for Child Development Series, #47, Spring 1990), San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1990: 59-70  A09

"Moral Exemplars: Reflections on Schindler, the Trocmés, and Others," Midwest Studies in Philosophy vol XIII: "Ethical Theory: Character and Virtue," (ed. P. French, T. Uehling, Jr., H. Wettstein), Univ. of Notre Dame Press, 1988  A08

"Opportunity and Equality of Opportunity," Public Policy Review 2(4): 1-18 (October 1988)
-----reprinted (in shortened version) in T. Mappes and J. Zembaty, Social Ethics: Morality and Social Policy,  4th edition, New York: McGraw-Hill, 1992  A07

"Gilligan and Kohlberg: Implications for Moral Theory," Ethics 98(3): 472-491 (April 1988)
-----reprinted in Mary Jeanne Larrabee (ed.), An Ethic of Care, New York: Routledge, 1993
-----reprinted in Howard Curzer (ed.), Ethical Theory and Moral Problems, Belmont, CA: Wadsworth, 1998  A06

"Particularity and Responsiveness," in Jerome Kagan and Sharon Lamb (eds.), The Emergence of Morality in Young Children, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1987  A05

"Iris Murdoch and the Domain of the Moral," Philosophical Studies 50(3): 343-367 (November 1986)  A04

"Kant's and Hegel's Moral Rationalism: A Feminist Perspective," Canadian Journal of Philosophy XII(2) (June 1982)  A03

"Compassion," in Explaining Emotions, A. Rorty (ed.), Berkeley: University of California Press, 1980
-----reprinted in R. Kruschwitz and R. Roberts, The Virtues: Contemporary Essays on Moral  Character, Belmont Calif.: Wadsworth, 1986
-----reprinted in Joseph Grcic, Moral Choices: Ethical Theories and Problems, St. Paul, MN:
West Publishing, 1988
-----reprinted in Clifford Williams (ed.), On Love and Friendship, Boston: Jones and Bartlett, 1995  A02

"Altruism and Women's Oppression," (with J. Housman, M. Homiak, N. Scheman) Philosophical Forum V(1-2) (Winter 1974-5)
-----reprinted in C. Gould and M. Wartofsky (eds.), Women and Philosophy, New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1976
-----reprinted (in abridged form) in S. Bishop and M. Weinzweig (eds.), Philosophy and Women, California: Wadsworth, 1979
-----reprinted in Blocker and Garner (eds.), Approaches to Ethics, New York: Haven Publications, 1992  A01

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“Human Morality, Naturalism, and Accommodation: Reflections on David Wong’s Natural

Moralities,” in Yang Xiao and Yong Huang (ed.), Moral Relativism and Chinese
Philosophy: David Wong and His Critics
(Albany: SUNY Press)

“False Symmetries in Far From Heaven,” in Susan Wolf and Christopher Grau (eds.),

Understanding Love Through Philosophy, Film, and Fiction (Oxford University Press



“Racial and Other Asymmetries: A Problem for the Protected Categories Framework for

Antidiscrimination Thought,” volume on discrimination and law, edited by Sophia
Moreau and Deborah Hellman, Oxford University Press


Solicited and completed:

“Political Identity and Moral Education: A Comment on Jonathan Haidt’s The Righteous Mind,”

for special issue of Journal of Moral Education on Moral Foundations Theory



“The Too Minimal Moral and Civic Dimension of Stereotype Threat Research,” for volume

arising from, and based on presentation given at, Implicit Bias conference, July ’12
(Michael Brownstein and Jennifer Saul, eds., Oxford UP)

“Multiculturalism,” for Denis Phillips (ed.), Encyclopedia of Educational Theory and

Philosophy (SAGE Publishers)

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