Open questions

Peter Taylor

Correspondence welcome

5 May 02
Facilitation training teaches one that participants become more invested in the process and the outcomes when insights emerge from themselves, when their voice is heard. (One of the outcomes, is an interest in participating in further group process.) I extend this principle about group process to reflection processes, such as freewriting, that allow a person to bring to the surface insights that they were not, at first, prepared to acknowledge. (See

Q1: What is it about being a person that makes this the case?

This question might make more sense if we ask another question, Q2: why can't a person become just as invested in a well-thought out plan that others with more experience and knowledge had produced?

One answer to Q2 is that there is often a backlash against innovations and change, a backlash that reveals people's fear.

Q3: What leads to people having fear that gets in the way of their intelligence?

One answer to Q3 depends on noting that people have a backlog of fear that they haven't processed from previous experiences (see Weissglass, "Constructivist Listening") and are constantly operating on top of this, keeping it suppressed. If anything starts to open that Pandora's box, it is scary and it feels safer to close it again.

One kind of answer to Q1 then is that in well-facilitated participation the person is getting more in touch with their intelligence, seeing how a web of support can be built, and noticing what that feels like before fear has a chance to get in the way.

Q4: What kind of group process could we invent that would build a support structure for each individual as they try to make changes (that is, not only when they participate in group processes such as participatory planning)?

One answer is the circle of elders in which say 6 people listen to a person's problem of the moment and then the person listens to the responses, which are not supposed to take the form of direct advice. (Does anyone have a source for this?)

Others? Or adaptations of this?
29 Oct. 01
I invented the term "flexible engagement" a year or so ago. It seemed to capture the challenge for researchers in any knowledge-making situation of connecting quickly with others who are almost ready to foster—formally or otherwise—participatory processes and, through the experience such processes provide their participants, to enhance the capacity of others to do likewise. The term plays off the "flexible specialization" that arose during the 1980s, wherein transnational corporations directed production and investment quickly to the most profitable areas, discounting previous commitments to full-time employees and their localities. Open question: Would flexible engagement constitute resistance or accommodation to flexible specialization?